Security and Privacy Risks in Recruitment with ChatGPT and OpenAI

Artificial Intelligence

Security and Privacy Risks in Recruitment with ChatGPT and OpenAI

In today's digital age, the recruitment landscape is rapidly evolving, with technology playing an increasingly pivotal role in the hiring process. Among the innovations reshaping this domain is OpenAI's powerful language model, GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer). 

While GPT offers lucrative capabilities automating various aspects of recruitment, its utilisation raises significant security and privacy concerns that both employers and candidates must carefully navigate. 

As an illustration, Italy has raised significant concerns regarding ChatGPT. OpenAI has been notified of suspicions of breaching European Union privacy laws, stemming from an extensive investigation conducted by Italy’s data protection authority over several months into its AI chatbot, ChatGPT.

In this blog post, we will go through what you need to know when considering using GPT-based recruitment technologies. Let’s dive in!👇

1. Data Privacy Concerns: Candidate Information in the Digital Age

A big worry about using OpenAI and GPT in hiring is about keeping candidate info safe. These systems need lots of data to work, so there’s a chance that private candidate details could be leaked or used wrongly. 

Employers must exercise caution in how they collect, store, and utilize candidate data to ensure compliance with privacy regulations such as GDPR or CCPA. Also, it’s crucial to be open about how data is used and get permission from candidates. This helps build trust with future employees.

By using GPT-based recruitment tools, the companies accept that the data is transferred outside the EU as the servers are located in the USA. At the same time, organizations can’t be 100% sure that none of their data is used to train the model.

2. Bias Mitigation: Ensuring Fairness and Inclusivity in Decision-Making

Algorithmic bias is a significant issue affecting fairness in hiring. It refers to the recurring and systemic errors in computer systems that lead to unfair outcomes, often favouring specific groups of users while disadvantaging others.

GPT is susceptible to biases present in the data it’s trained on, which can cause discrimination against certain demographics. For instance, a recent investigation conducted by Bloomberg has unveiled evidence of racial bias in GPT 3.5. In the study, GPT 3.5 was used for ranking resumes and it ended up favouring names from some demographics more often than others. 

To mitigate the biases, employers must implement rigorous testing and validation procedures to mitigate bias and ensure that AI decisions don’t make existing inequalities worse.

3. Security Vulnerabilities: Cyber Threats and Data Breaches

From a security standpoint, the reliance on AI-powered recruitment tools using GPT and similar language models introduces vulnerabilities that malicious actors may exploit. 

Cyberattacks targeting AI systems, such as data poisoning or adversarial attacks, can compromise the integrity of candidate evaluations and lead to biased or inaccurate hiring decisions. 

Employers must invest in robust cybersecurity measures, including encryption, authentication protocols, and regular security audits, to safeguard against potential breaches and uphold the confidentiality of sensitive information. 📊



In conclusion, while OpenAI and GPT offer interesting solutions to streamline recruitment processes, their adoption must be accompanied by a thorough assessment of security and privacy risks. 💡

In the journey ahead, prioritizing responsible AI deployment will be essential for fostering a fair, inclusive, and secure landscape in talent acquisition. This entails embracing safe and well-regarded technologies.

Coming next – New AI legislation 

Did you know that The European Union’s parliament has approved the world’s first major set of regulatory ground rules designed to oversee the burgeoning field of artificial intelligence, which is currently leading the way in technology investment? In short: the EU AI Act divides the technology into risk categories, ranging from “unacceptable”  to high, medium and low hazard.

We will be writing more about this change in our upcoming blog posts. So, stay tuned! ✨

Miira Leinonen


Passionate about creating compelling stories and enhancing the world of recruitment. Helping companies to improve their Employer Brand with modern recruitment methods and superior Candidate Experience.